Our Gardening Calendar

Mississippi State Extension Service Garden Calendar
North Florida Gardening Calendar

January

  • Yard Garden
    • Replant green onions when they arrive late in the month
    • Replant lettuce, bok choy, swiss chard.
  • Yard
    • Prune Crape Myrtles
    • Feed Citrus per IFAS – Balanced fertilizer formulations such as 6-6-6 or 8-8-8 are suggested, but other complete fertilizers can also be used. Fertilizer applications should be split between three to five applications a year; i.e. Jan, Mar, May, July, Sept.
    • Daylilies – Cut out rust, spray with contact and systemic fungicide and feed drench.
    • Control persistent scale insects on citrus, shrubs, camellias, and deciduous fruit trees; apply horticultural oil while plants are dormant.  http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep451
    • Add nitrogen to the compost pile
    • Peach trees – pruning methods used in the third and fourth dormant seasons as peaches are pruned to an upright but lateral canopy with an open center having three to four primary scaffold limbs branching out to five or six secondary branches and smaller twigs four to five feet above ground. From IFAS
    • Prune Pear Trees from Starke Bros.
      • For your branches: choose wide 10 o’clock and 2 o’clock angles.
      • Pruning to a bud. Make sharp, clean cuts close enough (about 1/4 inch) so you won’t leave a clumsy stub that’s hard to heal over. Stay far enough above the bud so it won’t die back. Slant the cuts and the new growth will develop beautifully.
      • Every branch has buds pointed in various directions. Since you want vigorous new growth to spread away from the center of the tree, make your cut above a bud that’s aimed outward. This helps your tree grow into a spreading shape.

February

  • Inside seedlings start first week (4-6 weeks before last frost; i.e. March 15)
    • Cabbage inside
    • Tomatoes inside
    • Peppers inside
  • Big Garden
    • Week 1 – Plow under Rye in the corn areas
  • Yard Garden
    • Sow:
      • Bok Choy
      • Lettuce
      • Green onions
  • Yard
    • Spread preemergence weed killer on yard
    • Prune roses then fertilize and apply a fresh layer of mulch. 
    • Look for Tea Scale Crawlers on Camellias. See here.
    • Prune Azaleas in late winter before growth begins for the season, improve the form of the bush by shortening stems that jut out of place.
    • Treat Azaleas with a soil drench of Imidacloprid For Lacebugs
    • For bigleaf or oakleaf hydrangea, cut stems with old flowers still attached back to fat flower buds.
    • Trim oak and pecan trees
    • Fertilize Peartree 5 times this year (year 2, 2020) with 1-1.5 lbs 8-8-8 each time. See IFAS Table 2 here for later years.
    • Blueberries – In the third year and beyond, use 3 ounces of Azalea fertilizer per plant per application spread evenly over a 4-foot diameter circle, or broadcast in a continuous band 3–4 feet wide, centered on the plant row, after bud-break. Repeat this procedure in April, June, August, and October. See IFAS.
    • Soil drench Magnolia Frescati with Martin’s Imidacloprid–a systemic–for aphids.

March

  • Big Garden
    • 1st week
      • Inside plant Marigold, Nema-Gone
      • Carrots – Danvers 126 Half Long, 1st week, 70 days. Min 40, Opt 80F
    • 2nd week
      • transplant all peppers and tomatoes to garden. Soil temperature should be at least 65°F, as peppers will not survive transplanting at temps any colder. 
      • Sow dill seeds in tub
      • Sow G90 Corn. The minimum soil temp is 50 F. Opt 85
      • Sow Kentucky Bush Beans. Min 60, Opt 80F
    • 3rd week
      • Okra when soil temp is Min 40 F; Opt 75 F.
      • Plant squash. Min 65F Opt 95
      • Plant Cantalope. Min 65F Opt 95
      • Plant cucumbers. Min 60F Opt 95
  • Yard Garden
    • Clean out, till fertilize and add compost
    • Plant seeds and store-bought seedlings
  • Yard
    • 1st week – Hang Mosquito Eradicators
    • Prune azaleas when they have finished blooming
    • Prune shrubs and trees when the dormant season ends and new growth begins. 
    • Feed Daylilies
    • Look for Tea Scale Crawlers on Camellias. See here.
    • Begin feeding crape myrtles when they bud

April

  • Big garden
    • 1st week
      • sow Silver Queen corn min soil temp is 50 F. Opt 85.
      • sow PEPH peas – Soil min 40 F; Opt 75 F
      • sow Snow Peas – Soil min 40 F; Opt 75 F
    • Apply a deep mulch around plants once the soil has warmed up.
    • Side-dress corn twice: when it’s knee-high and when it tassels. Source.
    • Sow winter squash seeds
    • Chk Sidedressing Guidelines here.
  • Yard Garden
  • Yard
    • Fruit Trees – Apply zinc sulfate as a foliar spray and nitrogen. See the 2018 soil test report.
    • Blueberries – 3 ounces of fertilizer per plant spread evenly over a 4-foot diameter circle or broadcast in a continuous band 3–4 feet wide, centered on the plant row. Repeat this procedure in April, June, August, and October. From IFAS here.
    • Look for Tea Scale Crawlers on Camellias. See here.
    • Feed Crape Myrtles every two weeks.
    • Fertilize Peartree 5 times this year (year 2, 2020) with 1-1.5 lbs of 8-8-8 each time. See IFAS Table 2 here for later years.
    • Fertilize Camellias, when the blooms are done, with Azalea food. From here
    • Spray all small blossom roses for Botrytis with Mancozeb
    • Feed Rain Lilies at Grain Bin with slow-release bulb food.
    • Apply fertilizer with Extinguish to lawn after new growth has started—usually early April–to kill ants. Per IFAS.

May

  • Big garden
    • Chk Sidedressing Guidelines here.
    • Spray tomatoes and peppers with Epson Salts 1 tablespoon per gallon of water when the plants start to flower and again when the young fruits start to form. Or, 2 tablespoons salts per gallon when applying once a month to tomatoes; from TomatoDirt.com
    • Fertilize tomatoes once fruit “sets”, feed plants by working in 2-3 tablespoons of fertilizer around the base of the plant every 3-4 weeks. Source.
  • Yard Garden
  • Yard
    • Feed Citrus per IFAS – Balanced fertilizer formulations such as 6-6-6 or 8-8-8 are suggested, but other complete fertilizers can also be used. Fertilizer applications should be split between three to five applications a year; i.e. Jan, Mar, May, July, Sept.
    • Feed Daylilies
    • Feed Crape Myrtles every two weeks.
    • Roses
      • Spray all small blossom roses and for Botrytis with Mancozeb
      • Feed every two weeks
      • For ongoing rose care, mix 1 tablespoon of Epsom salts per gallon of water and apply as a foliar spray. TheSpruce.com.

June

  • Big garden
    • Chk Sidedressing Guidelines here.
    • Fertilize tomatoes by working in 2-3 tablespoons of fertilizer around the base of the plant every 3-4 weeks. Source.
    • Spray tomatoes and peppers with Epson Salts 1 tablespoon per gallon of water when the plants start to flower and again when the young fruits start to form. Or, 2 tablespoons salts per gallon when applying once a month to tomatoes; from TomatoDirt.com
    • Late June start tomato seedlings from cuttings for the fall garden
  • Yard Garden
  • Yard
    • Feed Daylilies
    • Blueberries – 3 ounces of fertilizer per plant spread evenly over a 4-foot diameter circle or broadcast in a continuous band 3–4 feet wide, centered on the plant row. Repeat this procedure in April, June, August, and October. From IFAS here.
    • Feed Crape Myrtles
    • Fertilize Peartree 5 times this year (year 2, 2020) with 1-1,5 lbs 8-8-8 each time. See IFAS Table 2 here for later years.
    • Blueberries – In the third year and beyond, use 3 ounces of fertilizer per plant per application spread evenly over a 4-foot diameter circle, or broadcast in a continuous band 3–4 feet wide, centered on the plant row. Repeat this procedure in April, June, August, and October. See IFAS.
    • Spray all small blossom roses and for Botrytis with Mancozeb
    • Roses
      • Spray all small blossom roses for Botrytis with Mancozeb
      • Feed every two weeks
      • For ongoing rose care, mix 1 tablespoon of Epsom salts per gallon of water and apply as a foliar spray [monthly]. TheSpruce.com

July

  • Big garden
    • Begin tomato rootings/seedlings from suckers for the fall garden.
  • Yard Garden
  • Yard
    • Feed Citrus per IFAS – Balanced fertilizer formulations such as 6-6-6 or 8-8-8 are suggested, but other complete fertilizers can also be used. Fertilizer applications should be split between three to five applications a year; i.e. Jan, Mar, May, July, Sept.
    • Feed Crape Myrtles lightly every 2 weeks
    • Roses
      • Roses Spray all small blossom roses and for Botrytis with Mancozeb
      • Feed every two weeks
      • For ongoing rose care, mix 1 tablespoon of Epsom salts per gallon of water and apply as a foliar spray. TheSpruce.com

August

  • Big garden
    • Sow Winter Squash
    • Sow cabbage
    • Sow brocolli
  • Yard Garden
  • Yard
    • Blueberries – 3 ounces of fertilizer per plant spread evenly over a 4-foot diameter circle or broadcast in a continuous band 3–4 feet wide, centered on the plant row. Repeat this procedure in April, June, August, and October. From IFAS here.
    • Feed Crape Myrtles lightly every two weeks.
    • Fertilize Peartree 5 times this year (year 2, 2020) with 1-1.5 lbs 8-8-8 each time. See IFAS Table 2 here for later years. This is the fourth feeding.
    • Fertilize Camellias in mid-summer with Azalea food. From here.
    • Chk Magnolia Fescati for magnolia scale, about 1/2 inch in diameter, is a very large soft scale. Mature females, present in July and August, are pink-orange to brown bumps, often with a white waxy powder. Spray them.
    • Roses
      • Spray all small blossom roses and for Botrytis with Mancozeb
      • Feed every two weeks
      • For ongoing rose care, mix 1 tablespoon of Epsom salts per gallon of water and apply as a foliar spray. TheSpruce.com

September

  • Big garden
    • Sow winter squash seeds
  • Yard Garden
  • Yard
    • Feed Crape Myrtles lightly every two weeks
    • Chk Magnolia Fescati for magnolia scale, about 1/2 inch in diameter, is a very large soft scale. Mature females, present in July and August, are pink-orange to brown bumps, often with a white waxy powder. Spray them.

October

  • Big garden
  • Yard Garden
  • Yard
    • Feed Citrus per IFAS – Balanced fertilizer formulations such as 6-6-6 or 8-8-8 are suggested, but other complete fertilizers can also be used. Fertilizer applications should be split between three to five applications a year; i.e. Jan, Mar, May, July, Sept.
    • Blueberries – 3 ounces of fertilizer per plant spread evenly over a 4-foot diameter circle or broadcast in a continuous band 3–4 feet wide, centered on the plant row. Repeat this procedure in April, June, August, and October. From IFAS here.
    • Divide Rain Lilies at the Grain Bin. See book Ala & MS Gardener’s Guide, page 61.

November

  • Big garden
  • Yard Garden
  • Yard
    • Fertilome Broadleaf Weed Control with Gallery – Label – Apply ferti•lome® Broadleaf Weed Control with Gallery® anytime prior to germination of target weeds, i.e. Burweed.

December

  • Big garden
  • Yard Garden
  • Yard
    • Camellias – Fungicide for petal blight in the backyard as recommended here.
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