Vegetable Seeds for Spring 2020
|Bush Beans||Kentucky Wonder – 1/2 lb.||G&D 1/7/20|
|Bok Choy||Li Ren Choi (F1) Baby Green||Johnny’s||X|
|Cantaloupe||Hale’s Best 45||From 2019|
|Cucumber||Poinsett 76, (ALS, AN, DM, PM, SPM)||From SESE for 2019|
|Dill||Long Island Mammoth & Bonnie Plants||From 2019|
|Bunching Onions||Italian Red of Florence|
|Peas||PEPH “Top Pick” 1 lb.|
Oregon Giant Dwarf Snow Pea
|Pepper||California Wonder Bell|
Charleston Belle Sweet Bell Pepper (N)*
Ancho Poblano Hot Pepper
Hungarian Hot Wax
* The first nematode-resistant bell pepper
|Radishes||White Icicle, Daikon. Cherry Bell||From 2019|
|Spinach||Lizard – High resistance to downy mildew races 1-15, 17.||Johnny’s||X|
|Yellow Squash||Gold Star (F1) – IR: CMV, PM|
Golden Bush Scallop Summer Squash(DM)
|Tomatoes||Celebrity – VFFNTA |
Roma – VF
|Tomatillos||Cisneros Grande||From 2019|
|Zucchini||Dunja – Intermediate resistance to powdery mildew, papaya ringspot virus, watermelon mosaic virus, and zucchini yellow mosaic virus||Johnny’s||X|
Flower Seeds for Spring 2020
|Beach Sunflower (Cucumber-Leaf) Sunflower||SESE|
|French Marigold, Lemon Drop||SESE|
|French Marigold, Naughty Marietta||SESE|
|French Marigold, Spanish Brocade||SESE|
|Zinnia, State Fair Mixed Colors,||SESE|
Herb Seeds for Spring 2020
|Sweet Thai Basil Seed||Johnny’s|
|Sweet Basil||Burpee from 2019|
Statistically derived for the chance of frost on or after the date for spring planting in Mississippi from here.
Periwinkle – Vinca
- Beet seeds and Swiss chard seeds will benefit from soaking in water
- Danvers 126 that is an improved strain of the Half Long.
- Pre-sprouting advice is here. Freeze 24 hours then warm-wet until sprouts.
From 2019 Soil Test Report: “For corn in home gardens on sandy soils apply 1 tablespoon zinc sulfate per 100 ft. of row.
Poinsett 876 planted last year did well and is recommended here for its disease resistance.
Dill gives good results when planted in February and March. The variety ‘Long Island Mammoth’ is suggested for Florida.
- Plant Okra one-row wide so you do not have to walk between them.
- Plant seed saved from last year’s Cajun Jewell Okra.
- Begin lettuce production early and keep it going later in the season by planting tall vegetables in north-south rows and plant heat-resistant lettuce underneath the leaf canopy so that it is shaded during the hottest portion of the day. Corn planted in rows 4 feet apart or pole beans on a fence or trellis is ideal. Interplanting lettuce with bush squash also gives good results.
- Direct sow lettuce in the garden 4 weeks before the average last frost date when the soil temperature is at least 35°. Plant first week of Feb.
- Plant 1st week of Feb
- Mustard prefers a soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8. But, Florida Broadleaf did very well in the fall 2019 garden with a ph of 7.0.
- Sweet Bell – Carolina Wonder – Best Root-knot Nematode resistance. SESE pg 41
- Jaloro Jalapeno – Resistant to many diseases and milder. SESE pg 43. [1992, Texas A&M.] Big yields of colorful yellow Jalapeño peppers, one of the best in our 2018 jalapeño trials. 1½ x 2 in. fruits are juicy with thick walls. Medium hot fruits, milder than our regular Jalapeño. Shorter plants than our regular Jalapeño – a good container variety! – with bigger early harvests. Resistant to many diseases including TMV.
- See SESE Cultural Tips here.
Southern Cow Peas
- Pink-eye Purple Hull
- Mississippi Creme Pea
- Good advice at SESE here including:
- Sow seed 1 in. deep, 2 in. apart in rows 3-6 ft. apart, thinning to 4 in. apart.
- They need warmer soil, so wait until 3-4 weeks after last frost to plant.
- Do not apply nitrogen, which will result in poor yield and lush foliage.
- Plant the seeds ½ inch deep and try to keep them about an inch apart in the row.
- Once the seeds have been placed to fill up a row, cover them lightly with the loose garden soil, plant the next row in the same manner.
- When all done, sprinkle the row or rows lightly with water enough to settle things in, but not soaked to the point of becoming muddy.
- Remember to sprinkle lightly with water, as watering too hard can wash the seeds right up out of the soil they were just planted in.
- Read more at Gardening Know How: How To Grow A Radish
- Per https://harvesttotable.com/how_to_grow_spinach/
- Refrigerate seeds 1 week before sowing to help germination.
- Plant spinach seed ½ inch deep. Cover seed lightly with soil.
- Sow seed 2 to 4 inches apart.
- Sow 4 weeks before last frost date; i.e. 1st week of Feb
- The varieties of spinach recommended for north Florida include Bloomsdale, Virginia Savory, Melody, Tyee, Olympia and Longstanding from here.
Plant fungus-resistant varieties. For info:
- 2019 yellow squash was https://www.southernexposure.com/products/early-prolific-straightneck-summer-squash/
- Go here about varieties and treatments for So. Carolina.
- Look into cushaw squash resistant to squash vine borers and tromboncino – https://wellnessmama.com/61326/cushaw-squash/
- Keep soil moisture high by mulching per SESE.
- Preventing squash vine borer damage usually requires treating the base of the plants with a residual insecticide spray at the time the moths are flying (early to mid June). Sprays provide a much better barrier against borer attacks than do dusts. Home gardeners can apply Sevin, permethrin, bifenthrin, esfenvalerate, spinosad or other labeled home garden insecticide. From here. The following is a bit different and from the same site but a different page. Treating the base of the plants with either malathion or rotenone works to control borers before they enter the stems not after the fact.
- Combine the diff advice in the previous bullet and use malathion until blooming, then Spinosad.
- Roma VF
Mulch to reduce diseases per SESE. BUT, too much mulch on the soil in the spring may delay growth by preventing soil temperature from rising enough to support active root growth. In June, apply a deep mulch around plants to conserve moisture, prevent disease, and increase yield. [Expect citing June is for SESE area in Virginia.]
- Germination when temps are 60-75°F, 14-30 days.
- Transplant when 8 in. tall. Space 12 in. apart.
- Reaches 10 in. to 12 in. high
- Shrubby, evergreen perennial.
- See Burpee for good advice