2020 Fall Garden Plans

Beets

From HOSS here.

  • Beets work great grown in double rows to maximize garden space. For double row planting, plant two rows 4″ apart with 3′ between double rows.
  • Beet seeds are multigerm, which means that each seed will germinate 2-3 plants. As a result, plants will require thinning once they emerge from the soil.
  • Kestrel Beet is a productive, hybrid beet variety that works great for baby bunching or full-sized beet roots. It produces globed-shaped, deep red beet roots that are sweet and consistently-sized. Plants produce semi-glossy tops that mature at 12″-13″ tall. Kestrel Beet has an excellent disease package that includes resistance to downy mildew, powdery mildew, cercospora and rhizoctonia. It is slow-bolting for extended growth periods into late spring. It works great as a storage beet for pickling and preserving. Seeds are pelleted for ease of planting.
    • Planting Depth: 1/2″
    • Seed Spacing: 4-6″
    • Row Spacing: 3″
    • Days to Maturity: 55
    • Packet: 250 seeds at 6″ oc = 125′
  • From SESE
    • Beets should be grown in a light loam of pH 6.5 to 7.0. If soil pH is below 6, sprinkle limestone or wood ashes in the row as you plant; otherwise, yield will be seriously impaired. 
    • Late spring and early fall sowings should be 3/4 in. deep. Thin to 6 plants per foot for fresh beets, 3 plants per foot for beets used for winter storage, in rows 12 in. apart.

From SEVG Handbook

BEET PLANTING DATES

  • AL South
    • Spring 2/1–3/31
    • Fall 8/1–9/30
  • LA South
    • 2/1–3/31
    • 9/15–11/15
  • DISEASE MANAGEMENT
    • Seed rot and damping-off may be a problem, especially in early spring plantings when soils are cool. Seeds should be treated with an appropriate fungicide to protect the seed.
    • Cercospora leaf spot is the most common disease that occurs on beets. Circular spots with reddish brown or purplish margins are the first signs. Spray every 2 to 3 weeks with an appropriate crop protectant.
  • INSECT MANAGEMENT
    • The most common insect pests of beets are aphids, leafminers, flea beetles, and webworms. Sanitation and crop rotation should be practiced to avoid pest build ups.

Brocolli

Green Magic Broccoli – The exceptional heat-tolerance ensures the broccoli heads are slow to bolt and go to seed. Seeds are fast to germinate and compact plants mature at about 2? tall. Plants will continue to produce side shoots for a second and third harvest.

  • 100 seeds per packet at 12″ oc transplants = max 100′ row
  • Planting Method: transplant
  • When to Plant: early spring and fall
  • Planting Depth: 1/4″
  • Seed Spacing: 12″
  • Row Spacing: 2-3′
  • Days to Maturity: 55
  • Disease Resistance: Downy Mildew

Cabbage

Cheers Cabbage (100 seeds per packet) provides exceptional disease resistance and consistent production. This hybrid cabbage variety is resistant to fusarium yellows and black rot. Cheers produces large heads that average 5 lbs. Heads have a short core which means more of the cabbage head is usable for processing. It also has large wrapper leaves to protect the harvestable unit. This is a consistent variety for all levels of production from market farmer to backyard gardener. Cheers taste great when cooked but also makes excellent sauerkraut! Grown by many commercial growers. From HOSS here.

  • Planting Depth: 1/4″
  • Seed Spacing: 12″
  • Row Spacing: 2-3′
  • Days to Maturity: 75
  • 100 seeds per packet at 12″ oc = 100′ row

K-Y Cross F1 [aka Taiwanese Cabbage] – Seed / Untreated / Packet – 50 Seeds – Has large oblate-shaped heads that can weigh up to 6 lbs. have a light green color and grow on a small frame. The dense heads have a short core and thin leaves that that are extremely tender and have a appealing sweet flavor. K-Y Cross cabbage has shown good heat tolerance and is ideal for warm growing areas. Purchased from Harris Seeds.

  • Soil temperature: 70 – 75 degrees fahrenheit
  • Seeding depth: 0.25 – 0.5 inches
  • Germination days: 4 – 10 days
  • Weeks indoor: 5 – 6 weeks
  • Maturation days: 75 days

From SEVG Handbook

PLANTING DATES

  • AL South
    • Spring 2/1–3/31
    • Fall 8/1–10/30
  • LA South
    • 2/1–3/31
    • 9/15–11/15
  • DISEASE MANAGEMENT
    • Seed rot and damping-off may be a problem, especially in early spring plantings when soils are cool. Seeds should be treated with an appropriate fungicide to protect the seed.
    • Cercospora leaf spot is the most common disease that occurs on beets. Circular spots with reddish brown or purplish margins are the first signs. Spray every 2 to 3 weeks with an appropriate crop protectant.
  • INSECT MANAGEMENT
    • The most common insect pests of beets are aphids, leafminers, flea beetles, and webworms. Sanitation and crop rotation should be practiced to avoid pest build ups.

Carrots

  • Pre-sprouting advice is here. Freeze 24 hours then keep warm & wet until sprouts.
  • Good suggestions in Growing Guide here.
    • Plant seed 1/4” deep, 3 seeds per inch, and thin to 1-2” apart in rows 12” apart.
    • Cover seeds with fine light soil, and keep the soil moist. 
  • BaleroHighly productive & pelleted. Disease Resistance: Alternaria Blight, Powdery Mildew, Cavity Spot, Bacterial Blight, Cercospora Blight. We recommend seeding carrots in a thick band along the desired row. This will ensure a solid stand of carrots and help to aid in weed control once tops get larger. Carrots are a great crop for double-row planting on drip irrigation. For this strategy, plant two rows 6″ apart, skip about 3′, then plant another two rows 6″ apart.
    • 250 seeds per packet at 1″ oc = 250″ = 21′
    • Planting Depth: 1/4″
    • Seed Spacing: 1/2″, thin to 1-2″
    • Row Spacing: 12
    • Days to Maturity: 75
  • From SEVG Handbook
    • PLANTING DATES
      • AL South 8/1–11/30
    • Root-Knot Nematode: By far, the most destructive problem in carrots is root-knot nematodes. Good success has been obtained using field soil fumigation to eradicate root-knot nematodes in the root zone of carrots. Use nematicides or fumigants listed in the “Nematode Control in Vegetate Crops” tables in the Disease Control section.Swiss

Cucumbers

  • CUCUMBER PLANTING DATES – AL South Fall 8/1–9/15

Leeks – Per HOSS in this video

  • MATEJKO LEEK SEED – Matejko Leek  (pronounced mah-tay-ko) is a hybrid, improved leek variety that is slow to bolt and great for fall plantings. This hybrid leek variety was specifically designed for fall production, although it can be overwintered in moderate climates. It is slow-bolting and it holds well in the field, providing a longer harvesting window once plants are mature.
    • Seeds per packet – 50 at 6″ oc = 25′ row
    • Planting Method: transplant
    • When to Plant: early spring and fall
    • Planting Depth: 1/4?
    • Seed Spacing: 6?
    • Row Spacing: 24?
    • Days to Maturity: 100
    • Disease Resistance: Rust, Onion Thrips
  • TADORNA LEEK SEED – For planting in Nov.
    • Seeds per packet – 250 at 6″ oc = 125′ row
    • Planting Method: transplant
    • When to Plant: early spring and fall
    • Planting Depth: 1/4?
    • Seed Spacing: 6?
    • Row Spacing: 24?
    • Days to Maturity: 100
    • Disease Resistance: Leaf blight
  • Per SEVG Handbook
    • Seed should be planted 1/3 to 1/2 inch deep 8 to 12 weeks before field setting. Plants will be ready to set in early August. Plug cells have worked well.
    • Field Spacing. Rows: 20 to 30 inches apart; plants: 4 inches apart in the row. Set plants in trenches 3 to 4 inches deep.

Lettuce

  • Hoss Tools said they have good luck with Jade Cross Brussel Sprouts and Tehama Lettuce-Pelleted. Tehama has an upright habit and did well in the little garden in spring 2020. One packet has 250 seeds planted on 12″ spacing, 1/4″ deep in 18″ rows.
  • For baby Tehama green production, plant densely on a 2-3? wide bed and harvest when greens are about 4-5? tall. Savanna may also be harvested at larger stages. This is a cut-and-come-again type green that provides multiple harvests throughout the cool growing season.

Mustard – Savanna Mustard

  • 500 seeds per packet = 500″ = 41′ row
  • Planting Depth: 1/4″
  • Seed Spacing: 1″
  • Row Spacing: N/A
  • Days to Maturity: 20
  • If smaller leaves are desired, direct seed with a walk-behind seeder and plant densely in a 2-3? bed. Harvest with a sharp knife once leaves have grown to the desired size. New leaves will continue to emerge for repeat harvests throughout the growing season.
  • From SEVG Handbook – Mustard Planting Dates – AL South Fall 8/1–10/31.
  • From Spring Plans- Florida Broadleaf did very well in the fall 2019 garden.

Onions

  • Warrior Bunching Onion
    • 250 seeds per packet transplanted 2″ apart = 500″ = 42′
  • From SEVG Handbook
    • For green onions, space rows 12 to 16 in. apart and space seed 0.75 to 1.5 inches apart (2-6 pounds per acre). Seed depth should be 0.25-0.5 inches. Place transplants or sets 1.5 to 2.5 inches deep.

Pumpkins

Blue Bayou Pumpkin

Blue Bayou Pumpkin is a hybrid pumpkin that provides heirloom beauty with a strong disease package. Resistant to downy and powdery mildew. 15-20 lb pumpkins. C. Maxima. Treated.

  • Planting Depth: 1/2″
  • Seed Spacing: 18-24″
  • Row Spacing: 5-6 ft
  • Days to Maturity: 90
  • Disease Resistance: Downy Mildew, Powdery Mildew

Jack-o-Lantern Pumpkin

  • 20 SF per plant/hill so 4′ apart
  • 3-5 pumpkin seeds about 1 inch deep in each mound. Thin to 2\Orange; 10-20 Pounds
  • 105 Days to Harvest
  • Prefers full sun exposure
  • Also good to eat

Radish

  • Champion Radish from HOSS
    • Planting Depth: 1/4″
    • Seed Spacing: 1″
    • Row Spacing: 6-12″
    • Days to Maturity: 25
  • Cherry Belle – Seeds left from 2019
  • White Icicle – Seeds left from 2019

Spinach

Crocodile Spinach has been described as probably the most heat-tolerant spinach variety in existence. This hybrid spinach variety performs well in warmer climates and has an exceptional disease-resistance to downy mildew. It has an upright growing habit with excellent productivity. Crocodile Spinach has thick, crisp leaves that are excellent when harvested as baby leaf spinach for salads and other raw preparations. It also performs well when full-size leaves are harvested for cooking applications. It is very bolt-resistant and can be grown well into late spring and started in early fall. This is a cut-and-come-again type crop that can be harvested several times throughout the growing season. Harvest with a sharp knife by cutting the leaves while leaving the root structure intact.

  • Packet 250 seeds at 2″ =500″=41′
  • Planting Depth: 1/2″
  • Seed Spacing: 2″
  • Row Spacing: 12-18″
  • Days to Maturity: 45
  • Disease Resistance: Downy Mildew
  • From SEVG Handbook – Germination is maximized at soil temps at 41°F with emergence taking 23 days. Higher temperatures reduce germination. [See Germination Tips]
  • From SEVG Handbook
    • Despite the size of spinach seed, it is sown fairly shallowly, 0.8 to 1 inch (2 to 3 cm), in soil moisture conditions ranging from slightly above permanent wilting to field capacity.

Squash

  • Betternut 401 F1 – 80 days. An early butternut, uniform 8-9″ long with a light tan skin color. Semi bush type plant. Tolerant to powdery mildew. Treated seed. Bought from Morgan County Seeds
  • South Anna butternut squash planted by HOSS in spring 2020; starting to fruit in June – has not had to spray as very disease resistant. …a stabilized cross between Waltham Butternut Squash and Seminole Pumpkin. This open-pollinated variety has the shape of butternut squash with the vigor and disease-resistance of a Seminole Pumpkin. C. Moschata. 
    • 110 days to maturity. In fall garden, plant 10/15 minus 4 months (120 days) = 6/15/2020 – 7/1/2020.
    • Planting Depth: 1/2″
    • Seed Spacing: 18-24″
    • Row Spacing: 5-6′
    • Days to Maturity: 110
    • Disease Resistance: Downy Mildew
  • Taybelle PM – 70 Days. A new Table Ace Type acorn squash
  • White Scallop Squash – Cucurbita Pepo
    • 50 days. A very ancient Native American heirloom squash, grown by the Northern tribes for hundreds of years. This type was depicted by Europeans back to 1591, Great fried or baked.
    • 5′ spacing, plant 1″ deep
    • 7-14 days germination

Swiss Chard

  • See https://morningchores.com/growing-swiss-chard/
  • Peppermint Swiss Chard is another common variety you’ll often see in stores. It has distinctive red and white striped stalks. It’s disease resistant and slow to bolt. Bought from Gurney’s Seeds.
    • Spacing: 6 inches apart in rows 18 – 30 inches apart.
    • Depth: 1/4 – 1/2 inches.
  • Green Lucullus is possibly the most common and well known Swiss chard. Originally an Italian heirloom variety, it has dark green leaves and white, crisp stalks. This is a nice variety if you live in a hot area because it’s more heat tolerant than some other types. Bought from SeedBarn.com and got free shipping.
    • Planting depth: 1/2″
    • Seed spacing: 1″
    • Spacing between rows: 18″-24″
    • Days to germination: 7-14
    • Spacing after thinning: 8″-12″
    • Days to maturity: 52
  • Northern Lights – Intensely colored gold, white, red, and magenta stalks with shiny green leaves, Northern Lights Mix contains some of the intense colors of chard that we have ever seen. Leaves are smooth to lightly savoyed at the young stage, while mature leaves are lightly savoyed to full savoyed. The stalks are broad, tender, and fleshy, even at full maturity. Harvest for bunching at full maturity or for a colorful salad mix component at 3 – 4″ tall. From Harris Seeds 6/25/2020.

Tomatoes

Depending on the planting zone, fall tomatoes should be transplanted sometime in July. From MSUES. Prep seedlings from rooting cuttings from the spring plants.

From George W. Carver, 1936, How to Grow a Tomato. “ROOTING CUTTINGS – The tops and suckers will root readily if inserted in boxes of moist sand or moist shady places. The cutting should be 3 or 4 inches in length. Keep well watered, and they will be nicely rooted in about 9 days, when they should be taken up and set the same as for seedlings. They will begin bearing almost as soon as they begin growing well. They are preferable to seedlings. In making the cuttings half of each large leaf should be taken off.”

Below — The Best Cherry Tomatoes For Zone 9 

Cherry tomatoes are the most reliable producers with high yields that ripen early and continue to produce throughout the growing season. A tried and true variety is Sungold, a disease resistant, early maturing, sweet orange cherry tomato. Super Sweet 100 Hybrid is another favorite that is also disease resistant and produces large yields of sweet cherry tomatoes that are extremely high in vitamin C. Other options for cherry tomatoes are: Black Cherry; Green Doctors; Chadwick’s Cherry; Gardener’s Delight; Isis Candy; and Dr. Carolyn.


Seed Purchases To Date

From HOSS

Kestrel Beet – Packet (350 seeds) Packet (350 seeds)
Cheers Cabbage – 100 seeds per packet at 12″ oc = 100′ row
Savanna Mustard – Packet (500 seeds) Packet (500 seeds)
Crocodile Spinach – Packet (250 seeds) Packet (250 seeds)
Green Magic Broccoli 
Marigold Sparky Mix – Packet (250 seeds) Packet (250 seeds)
Tehama Lettuce – Packet (250 seeds) Packet (250 seeds)
Blue Bayou Pumpkin 
Warrior Bunching Onion – 250 seeds per packet
Matejko Leek 
Pascola Zucchini
South Anna Butternut Squash – Packet (30 seeds) 

From Johnny’s

From G&D Feed Store

  • White Scallop Squash – 1/2 oz. $1
  • Jack-o-Lantern Pumpkin – 1 oz. $2

Harris Seeds ordered 6/25/2020. All on sale.

Product imageDescriptionQuantityPrice
Thyme Winter - Seed / Untreated / Packet - 100 Seeds1Thyme Winter Seed / Untreated / Packet – 100 Seeds1$1.00
Dill Fernleaf - Seed / Untreated / Packet - 100 Seeds1Dill Fernleaf Seed / Untreated / Packet – 100 Seeds1$1.00
Cosmos Xanthos - Seed / Untreated / Packet - 50 Seeds1Cosmos Xanthos Seed / Untreated / Packet – 50 Seeds1$1.16
Swiss Chard Northern Lights Mix - Seed / Treated / Packet - 100 Seeds1Swiss Chard Northern Lights Mix Seed / Treated / Packet – 100 Seeds1$1.00
Pepper Chile G76 F1 - Seed / Treated / Packet - 50 Seeds1Pepper Chile G76 F1 Seed / Treated / Packet – 50 Seeds1$2.53
Broccoli Diplomat F1 - Seed / Treated / Packet - 50 Seeds1Broccoli Diplomat F1 Seed / Treated / Packet – 50 Seeds1$1.00
Radish Cherry Belle - Seed / Treated / Packet - 250 Seeds2Radish Cherry Belle Seed / Treated / Packet – 250 Seeds2$2.00
Cabbage K-Y Cross F1 - Seed / Untreated / Packet - 50 Seeds2Cabbage K-Y Cross F1 Seed / Untreated / Packet – 50 Seeds2$2.00
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