See Johnny’s Seeds for a good article with recommendations and discussion of the heat sensitivities of the different plant stages. The varieties cited below do not reflect the advice in that article.
On Nov. 28 there is a 50% chance of the first frost based on here.
Variety recommendations and planting windows below are from the Florida Extension Service for North Florida.
- Beets – Plant Sep-NLT Oct 1 – Tall Top (greens), Early Wonder, Detroit Dark Red, Cylindra, Red Ace, Yellow Detroit.
- 1 oz = 100″ row
- Red Ace at Johnny’s here. They recommend; “sow seed at 2-week intervals until 8 weeks before regular heavy frosts are expected. ” So, based on a Nov. 28 first frost, about Oct 1 is the last day to plant beets.
- SESE recommends – Beets should be grown in a light loam of pH 6.5 to 7.0. If soil pH is below 6, sprinkle limestone or wood ashes in the row as you plant; otherwise, the yield will be seriously impaired. An even supply of moisture and the absence of extended periods of hot weather is necessary for the development of fine-quality roots.
- Beans – Plant Aug-Sep – Shell: Horticultural, Pinto, Red Kidney, Black Bean, Navy – 1 lb = 100″ row
- Broccoli – Plant Aug-Feb – Early Green, Early Dividend, Green Sprouting/Calabrese, Waltham, Packman, De Cicco, Broccoli Raab (Rapini). 1/8 oz = 100 plants = 100′ row
- Cabbage – Plant Sep-Feb – Rio Verde, Flat Dutch, Round Dutch, Wakefield types, Copenhagen Market, Savoy, Red Acre. 1/8 oz = 100 plants = 100′ row
- Cauliflower – Aug-Oct – Snowball Strains, Snow Crown, Brocoverde. Tie leaves around the head when it is 2-3 inches to prevent discoloration. Brocoverde is green-headed. 1/8 oz = 55 plants = 100′ row.
- Carrots – Plant Sep-Mar – Imperator, Nantes, Danvers, Chantenay.
1/8 oz = 100″ row
- Lettuce – Plant Sep-Oct – 1/4 oz = 100 plants = 100′ row
- Crisphead: Great Lakes
- Butterhead: Ermosa, Bibb, Tom Thumb, Buttercrunch,
- Loose Leaf: Simpson types, Salad Bowl, Red Sails, New
- Red Fire
- Oak Leaf: Salad Bowl, Royal Oak
- Romaine: Parris Island Cos, Outredgeous (ruffled red romaine )
- Mustard – Plant Sep-May – Southern Giant Curled, Florida Broad Leaf, Tendergreen, Giant Red, Green Wave, Mizuna – 1/4 oz = 100′ row
- Onions, Green and Bunching – Plant Aug-Mar
- Bulbing: Granex (yellow)
- Bunching (Green): Evergreen Bunching, White Lisbon Bunching
- Leeks: American Flag
- Multipliers: Shallots
- Pumpkins – Plant in Aug – Big Max, Connecticut Field, Prizewinner, Jack Be Little, Jack O Lantern
- Radish, Diacom & Icicle for the squash – Plant Sep-Mar – Cherry Belle, White Icicle, Sparkler, Champion, Daikon
- Spinach – Plant Oct-Nov – Melody, Bloomsdale Longstanding, Tyee, Space. 1 oz = 100′ row
- Squash Winter – Plant Aug-Sep – Spaghetti, Table King, Table Queen & Table Ace (Acorn), Waltham, Early Butternut (Butternut) Spaghetti, Table King, Table Queen & Table Ace (Acorn), Waltham, Early Butternut (Butternut). Calabaza is a heat-resistant, disease-resistant, vining, hard-shelled squash, similar to a butternut or acorn in taste.
- Swiss Chard – Bright Lights, Bright Yellow, Fordhook Giant, Lucullus, Red Ruby
- Tomatoes – Plant Aug – Large Fruit: Celebrity, Heat Wave II, Better Boy, Beefmaster, BHN444-Southern Star*, Amelia*, BHN 640*. *Resistant to TSWV (Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus).
- From IFAS ” If Fusarium is a problem in your garden, try to purchase VFN tomato varieties. These letters stand for (in order) Verticillium (a wilt fungus similar to Fusarium), Fusarium, and nematodes (tiny worms in the soil that attack and damage roots). VFN tomato varieties are sensible choices for the high disease pressure that is typical in Florida.”